The music I practice and understand as a student of the shakuhachi comes from many sources. At its core is honkyoku, the body of (mostly) solo shakuhachi pieces often associated with the komusō of Edo period Japan. This repertoire, derived from Buddhist chant (shōmyō) and nature sounds, was collected, codified, and expanded from the 18th century on, resulting in many schools and styles of playing. Through study with Michael Chikuzen Gould, I’ve learned koten honkyoku (“classical” pieces of unknown authorship), dōkyoku (pieces transmitted by Watazumi or played with his flare), and modern honkyoku, as well as compositions by Randō Fukuda, children’s songs, folk songs (min’yō), and a variety of ensemble pieces. Much of this music was passed to him from Katsuya Yokoyama and Yoshinobu Taniguchi, and the basic teachings run parallel to those of the KSK/Chikushinkai.